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ERIC Number: EJ793707
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 105
ISSN: ISSN-0165-0254
The Myth of the Alpha Male: A New Look at Dominance-Related Beliefs and Behaviors among Adolescent Males and Females
Hawley, Patricia H.; Little, Todd D.; Card, Noel A.
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v32 n1 p76-88 2008
Evolutionary and biological approaches tend to suggest that social dominance is predominately an aspect of male social organization. Furthermore, when females behave non-normatively, they are less positively evaluated than males engaging in the same behavior. Alternate, less familiar models of females and dominance/aggression underlie the present study which proposes that dominant males and females are more similar in both behavioral profile and social reception than commonly believed. Participants (N = 1723; grades 5-10) self-rated their aggression, social motivations, and strategies and beliefs associated with interpersonal influence. Peer ratings of strategies of influence, aggression, and the degree to which peers were liked and disliked were also obtained. Results demonstrated that socially dominant males and females balance prosocial and coercive strategies and win positive peer regard, their aggressiveness notwithstanding. These findings highlight competitiveness in females and provide insights into the paradoxical relationship between positive peer regard and aggression (the peer regard-aggression paradox). (Contains 3 tables and 4 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany (Berlin)