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ERIC Number: EJ793688
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 12
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 93
ISSN: ISSN-0165-0254
Perceived Parental Bonding, Fear of Failure and Stress during Class Presentations
Sideridis, Georgios D.; Kafetsios, Konstantinos
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v32 n2 p119-130 2008
The purpose of the present studies was to test the hypothesis that students' perceptions of parental bonding may be predictive of how individuals approach achievement situations. It was hypothesized that reports of parental overprotection would be predictive of elevated fears and subsequent stress and low achievement compared to perceived parental care. No hypotheses were specified regarding the gender of the parent. In Study 1 participants were 230 elementary school students who were assessed on motivation, stress and affect prior to a "high stakes testing". Results indicated that paternal caring scores and, to a lesser degree, maternal caring scores were associated with lower levels of fear of failure, anxiety and depression. In Study 2, 58 college students were monitored (physiologically) during a class presentation in order to test the hypothesis that perceived parental rearing is predictive of stress through influencing fear of failure. Results from Multilevel Random Coefficient Modeling showed that perceived parental caring was associated with significantly lessened stress compared to perceived overprotection. Modeling the relationships using Structural Equation Modeling indicated that students reporting an overprotective parental style approached the task with significantly elevated fears, had elevated stress during the task, and lower task performance. Another salient finding was that students' perceptions of their fathers' parenting style was highly predictive of the stress response. The discussion reviews these findings and examines possible implications for enhancing achievement motivation in educational contexts. (Contains 4 tables, 2 figures and 1 footnote.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Cyprus