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ERIC Number: EJ793667
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 26
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 39
ISSN: ISSN-0033-6882
A Functional Analysis of Teachers' Instructions
Todd, Richard Watson; Chaiyasuk, Intisarn; Tantisawetrat, Nuantip
RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, v39 n1 p25-50 2008
Instructions are an under-researched aspect of classroom discourse. In this paper, we attempt to describe the functional structure of teacher instructions using the framework proposed by Sinclair and Coulthard (1975). We examine nine directing transactions or sets of instructions from four lessons taught on an English for Academic Purposes course at a Thai university. The directing transactions were video recorded and transcribed, and the functions identified from the teacher comments in an interview. The frequency of the various types of exchange and move in the discourse, correspondences between exchanges and moves, and pairs of exchanges and moves which co-occur significantly frequently were identified. From these, a potential structure of directing transactions is suggested. This structure starts with a boundary exchange which is followed by one or more instruction exchanges. The teacher instructions can also include insertion and inform exchanges, and usually end with a further instruction exchange. (Contains 10 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Thailand