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ERIC Number: EJ793631
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 39
ISSN: ISSN-0734-2829
Measuring Growth and Decline in Visual-Motor Processes with the Bender-Gestalt Second Edition
Decker, Scott L.
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v26 n1 p3-15 2008
The purpose of this study is to develop a change-sensitive scale for evaluating developmental change in visual-motor ability across the life span. A partial-credit item-response model is used to estimate theta values for each age group between 4 and 90 using the Bender-Gestalt II standardization sample (N = 4,000). Results from this study suggest that visual-motor ability has a rapid maturation lasting into middle adolescence, steadily decreases through adulthood, and rapidly declines in later age ranges. These results provide evidence against previous research conclusions that suggested visual-motor ability development ends in late childhood and remains steady across the life span. A case study is provided to demonstrate the practical use of the change-sensitive scale in monitor intervention outcomes. (Contains 7 tables and 2 figures.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bender Gestalt Test