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ERIC Number: EJ793577
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 55
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1087-0547
Vestibular Stimulation for ADHD: Randomized Controlled Trial of Comprehensive Motion Apparatus
Clark, David L.; Arnold, L. Eugene; Crowl, Lindsay; Bozzolo, Hernan; Peruggia, Mario; Ramadan, Yaser; Bornstein, Robert; Hollway, Jill A.; Thompson, Susan; Malone, Krista; Hall, Kristy L.; Shelton, Sara B.; Bozzolo, Dawn R.; Cook, Amy
Journal of Attention Disorders, v11 n5 p599-611 2008
Objective: This research evaluates effects of vestibular stimulation by Comprehensive Motion Apparatus (CMA) in ADHD. Method: Children ages 6 to 12 (48 boys, 5 girls) with ADHD were randomized to thrice-weekly 30-min treatments for 12 weeks with CMA, stimulating otoliths and semicircular canals, or a single-blind control of equal duration and intensity, each treatment followed by a 20-min typing tutorial. Results: In intent-to-treat analysis (n = 50), primary outcome improved significantly in both groups (p = 0.0001, d = 1.09 to 1.30), but treatment difference not significant (p = 0.7). Control children regressed by follow-up (difference p = 0.034, d = 0.65), but overall difference was not significant (p = 0.13, d = 0.47). No measure showed significant treatment differences at treatment end, but one did at follow-up. Children with IQ-achievement discrepancy less than or equal to 1 SD showed significantly more CMA advantage on three measures. Conclusion: This study illustrates the importance of a credible control condition of equal duration and intensity in trials of novel treatments. CMA treatment cannot be recommended for combined-type ADHD without learning disorder. (Contains 3 tables and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A