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ERIC Number: EJ793482
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 5
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0671
Effects of Student Gender and Socioeconomic Status on Teacher Perceptions
Auwarter, Amy E.; Aruguete, Mara S.
Journal of Educational Research, v101 n4 p242-246 Mar-Apr 2008
The authors examined experimentally whether student gender and socioeconomic status (SES) affect teachers' expectations of students. Participants were 106 teachers who read a scenario about a hypothetical student with academic and behavioral challenges. The authors systematically varied the gender and SES of the student to create 4 conditions. Teachers rated high-SES boys more favorably than low-SES boys, but low-SES girls more favorably than high-SES girls. Teachers perceived that low-SES students have less promising futures than do high-SES students. Findings suggest that teachers are likely to develop negative attitudes toward low-SES students in general, but especially boys. These preconceived attitudes may help explain why teacher efficacy tends to be lower in economically disadvantaged schools. (Contains 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A