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ERIC Number: EJ793387
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Pages: 15
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 33
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
Speed and Accuracy of Accessing Information in Working Memory: An Individual Differences Investigation of Focus Switching
Unsworth, Nash; Engle, Randall W.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v34 n3 p616-630 May 2008
Three experiments examined the nature of individual differences in switching the focus of attention in working memory. Participants performed 3 versions of a continuous counting task that required successive updating and switching between counts. Across all 3 experiments, individual differences in working memory span and fluid intelligence were related to the accuracy of the counts, but not to the time cost associated with switching between counts. The authors suggest that working memory span and fluid intelligence measures partially index the ability to accurately switch information in and out of the focus of attention, but this variation is not related to the speed of switching. (Contains 6 figures, 3 tables, and 1 footnote.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Georgia