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ERIC Number: EJ793375
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Pages: 21
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 29
ISSN: ISSN-0278-7393
How to Say No: Single- and Dual-Process Theories of Short-Term Recognition Tested on Negative Probes
Oberauer, Klaus
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, v34 n3 p439-459 May 2008
Three experiments with short-term recognition tasks are reported. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants decided whether a probe matched a list item specified by its spatial location. Items presented at study in a different location (intrusion probes) had to be rejected. Serial position curves of positive, new, and intrusion probes over the probed location's position were mostly parallel. Serial position curves of intrusion probes over their position of origin were again parallel to those of positive probes. Experiment 3 showed largely parallel serial position effects for positive probes and for intrusion probes plotted over positions in a relevant and an irrelevant list, respectively. The results support a dual-process theory in which recognition is based on familiarity and recollection, and recollection uses 2 retrieval routes, from context to item and from item to context. (Contains 13 figures, 4 footnotes, and 4 tables.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany