ERIC Number: EJ793189
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Reference Count: 44
Predictors and Effects of Self-Objectification in Lesbians
Haines, Megan E.; Erchull, Mindy J.; Liss, Miriam; Turner, Dixie L.; Nelson, Jaclyn A.; Ramsey, Laura R.; Hurt, Molly M.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, v32 n2 p181-187 Jun 2008
The majority of research on self-objectification has focused on heterosexual women's experiences. This study sought to examine experiences of self-objectification in lesbian women. A path model was developed to examine the relationships between participants' feminist self-identification, levels of internalized heterosexism, objectified body consciousness, and the clinically relevant variables of negative eating attitudes and depression. As has been found with heterosexual women, body surveillance led to shame, which led to negative clinical outcomes. A direct path was also found between levels of surveillance and negative eating attitudes, consistent with previous research on self-objectification among lesbians. Feminist self-identification was not significantly related to the other variables, in contrast to previous research with heterosexual women. Internalized heterosexism was related to negative clinical outcomes, both indirectly through objectification variables and directly to depressive symptomatology. These results provide evidence that self-objectification and internalized heterosexism have negative impacts on the mental health of lesbian women.
Descriptors: Feminism, Females, Identification, Homosexuality, Depression (Psychology), Self Concept, Eating Habits, Mental Health, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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