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ERIC Number: EJ792646
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 18
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 29
ISSN: ISSN-0013-1644
Polytomous Differential Item Functioning and Violations of Ordering of the Expected Latent Trait by the Raw Score
DeMars, Christine E.
Educational and Psychological Measurement, v68 n3 p379-396 2008
The graded response (GR) and generalized partial credit (GPC) models do not imply that examinees ordered by raw observed score will necessarily be ordered on the expected value of the latent trait (OEL). Factors were manipulated to assess whether increased violations of OEL also produced increased Type I error rates in differential item functioning (DIF) procedures conditioned on the raw score. Shorter tests and greater variance in item slope parameters increased OEL violations for the GR data but not for the GPC data. These same factors, combined with group mean differences between the reference and focal groups, increased the Type I error rate for the observed raw score DIF methods for "both" the GR and GPC data. A procedure conditioned on the classical test theory latent score estimate instead of the observed score helped reduce the Type I error in some of the conditions but not for the shortest tests. (Contains 2 figures and 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A