ERIC Number: EJ792617
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 0
Attentional and Executive Function Behaviours in Children with Poor Working Memory
Gathercole, Susan E.; Alloway, Tracy P.; Kirkwood, Hannah J.; Elliott, Julian G.; Holmes, Joni; Hilton, Kerry A.
Learning and Individual Differences, v18 n2 p214-223 2008
The purpose of this study was to explore the profiles of classroom behaviour relating to attention and executive functions in children with very poor working memory, and to test the hypothesis that inattentive behaviour and working memory problems co-occur. Teachers rated problem behaviours of 52 children with low working memory scores aged 5/6 and 9/10 years on teacher rating measures of attention and executive function behaviours. The majority of children with low working memory scores obtained atypically high ratings of cognitive problems/inattentive symptoms, and were judged to have short attention spans, high levels of distractibility, problems in monitoring the quality of their work, and difficulties in generating new solutions to problems. These results extend previous findings that working memory problems and inattentive behaviour co-occur to a non-clinical sample. It is suggested that reduced working memory capacity may play a causal role in the problem behaviours of these children.
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Memory, Profiles, Student Behavior, Attention Control, Hypothesis Testing, Scores, Student Evaluation, Behavior Problems
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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