ERIC Number: EJ792571
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 0
Feeling Obliged to "Do Well" or "Not to Fail"? The Distinction between Approach and Avoidance Dimensions of Oughts
Sideridis, Georgios D.
Learning and Individual Differences, v18 n2 p176-186 2008
The present studies examined the proposition that there are approach and avoidance dimensions in feelings of obligations, that are associated with a specific network of behaviors, affect, and cognitions in achievement situations. Across 4 studies, results indicated that being motivated by ought-approach was associated with significantly higher positive affect and persistence compared with being motivated by ought-avoidance. Also, arousal and affect could be explained by one's disposition for approach- or avoidance-based oughts. Being motivated by ought-approach was significantly more adaptive compared with avoidance and multiple-ought terms. It was concluded that obligations based on approach or avoidance tendencies represent diverse motivational systems with different cognitions and affective responses.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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