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ERIC Number: EJ792483
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Pages: 9
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Theory of Mind in Williams Syndrome Assessed Using a Nonverbal Task
Porter, Melanie A.; Coltheart, Max; Langdon, Robyn
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v38 n5 p806-814 May 2008
This study examined Theory of Mind in Williams syndrome (WS) and in normal chronological age-matched and mental age-matched control groups, using a picture sequencing task. This task assesses understanding of pretence, intention and false belief, while controlling for social-script knowledge and physical cause-and-effect reasoning. The task was selected because it is entirely non-verbal, so that the WS individuals could not rely on their good verbal skills when performing the task. Results indicated a specific deficit in understanding of false belief within the WS group. There was also evidence of heterogeneity in the WS group, with the false belief impairment restricted to only a particular subgroup of WS individuals identified originally by Porter, M., & Coltheart, M. (2005). Cognitive heterogeneity in Williams syndrome. "Developmental Neuropsychology," 27(2), 275-306.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A