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ERIC Number: EJ792424
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 26
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 51
ISSN: ISSN-0169-0965
Saying the Right Word at the Right Time: Syntagmatic and Paradigmatic Interference in Sentence Production
Dell, Gary S.; Oppenheim, Gary M.; Kittredge, Audrey K.
Language and Cognitive Processes, v23 n4 p583-608 Jun 2008
Retrieving a word in a sentence requires speakers to overcome syntagmatic, as well as paradigmatic interference. When accessing "cat" in "The cat chased the string", not only are similar competitors such as "dog" and "cap" activated, but also other words in the planned sentence, such as "chase" and "string". We hypothesise that both types of interference impact the same stage of lexical access, and review connectionist models of production that use an error-driven learning algorithm to overcome that interference. This learning algorithm creates a mechanism that limits syntagmatic interference, the syntactic "traffic cop", a configuration of excitatory and inhibitory connections from syntactic-sequential states to lexical units. We relate the models to word and sentence production data, from both normal and aphasic speakers. (Contains 9 figures and 3 footnotes.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A