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ERIC Number: EJ792376
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 23
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 90
ISSN: ISSN-1097-6736
Making Sense of Participatory Evaluation: Framing Participatory Evaluation
King, Jean A.; Cousins, J. Bradley; Whitmore, Elizabeth
New Directions for Evaluation, n114 p83-105 Sum 2007
This chapter begins with a commentary by King, a longtime admirer of Cousins and Whitmore, in which she discusses why their 1998 article on participatory evaluation is considered an important contribution to the field. Participatory evaluation was not a new idea in 1998. By the mid-1990s articles, chapters, and books that described evaluations where evaluators and staff or program participants engaged in continuing, dynamic interaction throughout a study were commonplace. Indeed, forms of such collaborative inquiry were, as Cousins and Whitmore (1998, p. 5) put it, "emerging at an astounding pace." These forms went by various names--democratic evaluation, empowerment evaluation, developmental evaluation, and action research of differing types, among others--and different people, often from very different conceptual and geographic locales, promoted their value. The publication of the often-cited Cousins and Whitmore "New Directions for Evaluation" chapter provided two frameworks that, taken together, allowed practitioners and theorists alike to make sense of these many approaches. The present chapter concludes with a reprint of the Cousins and Whitmore paper of 1998, which posits two principal streams of participatory evaluation--practical participatory evaluation and transformative participatory evaluation--and compares them on a set of dimensions relating to control, level, and range of participation. (Contains 1 figure and 1 table.)
Jossey Bass. Available from John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A