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ERIC Number: EJ792342
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 25
ISSN: ISSN-1097-6736
Increasing Evaluation Use among Policymakers through Performance Measurement
Mohan, Rakesh; Tikoo, Minakshi; Capela, Stanley; Bernstein, David J.
New Directions for Evaluation, n112 p89-97 Win 2006
In times of budget shortfalls and ever increasing demand for transparency and accountability for use of tax dollars in the public sector, it is clear that the use and influence of performance measurement has increased. "Performance measurement" is a "fairly inclusive term that may refer to the routine measurement of program inputs, outputs, intermediate outcomes, or end outcomes". In addition to the federal government, all states and most local governments in the United States use some form of performance measurement. In spite of its popularity, performance measurement by itself has limited utility; it can be used primarily for monitoring programs in terms of their resources, outputs, and results. What performance measurement cannot do is serve as a substitute or a shortcut for evaluation, which involves making a value judgment about the worth of a policy or program. The Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 recognizes the relationship between performance measurement and evaluation by requiring federal agencies in the United States to identify and conduct program evaluations to help understand changes being observed in program performance as monitored by performance measurement activities. Specifically, performance measurement can offer assistance to evaluators by clarifying policy intent, program goals, and performance expectations and by facilitating systematic data collection. These activities are interrelated and are necessary components to any evaluation. Because policymakers tend to support performance measurement for accountability purposes--as evidenced by the fact that governments at all three levels in the United States have passed legislation over the past decade requiring some form of performance measurement in government--linking performance measurement to evaluation has the potential of increasing evaluation use among policymakers. (Contains 1 figure.)
Jossey Bass. Available from John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Government Performance and Results Act 1993