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ERIC Number: EJ791822
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Pitch Memory
Trehub, Sandra E.; Schellenberg, E. Glenn; Nakata, Takayuki
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v100 n1 p40-52 May 2008
We examined effects of age and culture on children's memory for the pitch level of familiar music. Canadian 9- and 10-year-olds distinguished the original pitch level of familiar television theme songs from foils that were pitch-shifted by one semitone, whereas 5- to 8-year-olds failed to do so (Experiment 1). In contrast, Japanese 5- and 6-year-olds distinguished the pitch-shifted foils from the originals, performing significantly better than same-age Canadian children (Experiment 2). Moreover, Japanese 6-year-olds were more accurate than their 5-year-old counterparts. These findings challenge the prevailing view of enhanced pitch memory during early life. We consider factors that may account for Japanese children's superior performance such as their use of a pitch accent language (Japanese) rather than a stress accent language (English) and their experience with musical pitch labels.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Japan