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ERIC Number: EJ791722
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 12
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1097-6736
Monitoring and Evaluating the National Program to Prevent Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission in Thailand
Kanshana, Siripon; Naiwatanakul, Thananda; Simonds, R. J.; Amornwichet, Pornsinee; Teeraratkul, Achara; Culnane, Mary; Chantharojwong, Nartlada; Limpakarnjanarat, Khanchit
New Directions for Evaluation, n103 p117-128 Fall 2004
Thailand has had an epidemic of heterosexually transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection since the mid-1980s that has affected both high-risk populations (such as commercial sex workers) and low-risk populations (such as wives of men who have sex with commercial sex workers). As a result, the prevalence of HIV infection among pregnant women increased from 0 percent in 1990 to about 1.5 percent by 2000. Thailand's response to the HIV epidemic has included several successful national HIV-prevention programs. For instance, mandatory screening of all donated blood and eliminating paid blood donors reduced the rate of HIV transmission through blood products to one in eighty thousand transfusions. The national "100 percent condom campaign" that promotes universal use of condoms in commercial sex establishments has substantially increased condom use and decreased HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among young Thai men. Thailand was also the first resource-limited country to implement a national program for preventing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. To address the emerging problem of mother-to-child HIV transmission, the Ministry of Public Health of Thailand in 1993 recommended and began to support routine voluntary HIV testing of women in antenatal care and avoidance of breast-feeding for HIV-infected women. This article describes how the national PMTCT program in Thailand is being monitored and evaluated. (Contains 1 figure and 2 exhibits.)
Jossey Bass. Available from John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail: subinfo@wiley.com; Web site: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/browse/?type=JOURNAL
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Thailand