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ERIC Number: EJ791720
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 20
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 11
ISSN: ISSN-1097-6736
Developing and Implementing Monitoring and Evaluation Methods in the New Era of Expanded Care and Treatment of HIV/AIDS
Wolf, R. Cameron; Bicego, George; Marconi, Katherine; Bessinger, Ruth; van Praag, Eric; Noriega-Minichiello, Shanti; Pappas, Gregory; Fronczak, Nancy; Peersman, Greet; Fiorentino, Renee K.; Rugg, Deborah; Novak, John
New Directions for Evaluation, n103 p81-100 Fall 2004
The sharp rise in the HIV/AIDS burden worldwide has elicited calls for increased efforts to combat the spread and impact of HIV/AIDS. Efforts must continue with the aim to decrease new infections. At the same time, care and treatment services for those already infected can lead to longer, productive lives, thereby minimizing negative effects on families, communities, and societies at large. Although there is currently no cure for HIV infection, sustained use of combination antiretroviral therapy has been shown to increase survival, improve quality of life, reduce hospitalization and morbidity, and mitigate the socioeconomic effects of HIV/AIDS. Provision of antiretroviral therapy and supportive care has also been associated with decreased stigma and fear. However, of the 6 million people who urgently need antiretroviral therapy in developing countries, fewer than 8 percent are currently receiving it. Increased funding for HIV/AIDS efforts and increased access to affordable drug regimens has been an area of notable advocacy, and the provision of antiretroviral therapy is now becoming a reality in resource-poor settings. In this article, the authors describe and critique their experience to date with the development of HIV/AIDS care and treatment indicators and data-collection methods to measure progress in care and treatment program expansion. They present some highlights and preliminary findings and summarize the strengths and limitations of different data-collection methods. Because the field of monitoring and evaluating HIV/AIDS care and treatment programs in resource-constrained settings is in its early stages, this article focuses on strategic target setting and target monitoring. They conclude with a discussion of future challenges, including the recognition that in-depth evaluation studies and impact assessment methods need to be advanced. (Contains 5 tables and 3 figures.)
Jossey Bass. Available from John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A