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ERIC Number: EJ791344
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 17
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 120
ISSN: ISSN-0022-2194
Identifying and Predicting Classes of Response to Explicit Phonological Spelling Instruction during Independent Composing
Amtmann, Dagmar; Abbott, Robert D.; Berninger, Virginia W.
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v41 n3 p218-234 2008
After explicit spelling instruction, low achieving second grade spellers increased the number of correctly spelled words during composing but differed in response trajectories. Class 1 (low initial and slow growth) had the lowest initial performance and improved at a relatively slow rate. Class 2 (high initial and fast growth) started higher than Class 1 but below Class 3 and improved at the fastest rate. Class 3 (highest initial but slow growth) had the highest initial performance but improved at a rate similar to Class 1. Class 3 differed from Classes 1 and 2 on orthographic coding. Classes 1, 2, and 3 differed on rapid automatic naming (RAN letters). Spelling instruction plus supplementary activities to improve orthographic coding in working memory and rapid, automatic coordination of phonological and orthographic codes may facilitate transfer of spelling learned during instruction to applying that spelling knowledge during independent composing. (Contains 4 tables and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A