ERIC Number: EJ791320
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Reference Count: 53
The Role of Two Reading Strategies in Text Comprehension: An Eye Fixation Study in Primary School Children
van der Schoot, Menno; Vasbinder, Alain L.; Horsley, Tako M.; van Lieshout, Ernest C. D. M.
Journal of Research in Reading, v31 n2 p203-223 May 2008
This study examined whether 10-12-year-old children use two reading strategies to aid their text comprehension: (1) distinguishing between important and unimportant words; and (2) resolving anaphoric references. Of interest was the question to what extent use of these reading strategies was predictive of reading comprehension skill over and above decoding skill and vocabulary. Reading strategy use was examined by the recording of eye fixations on specific target words. In contrast to less successful comprehenders, more successful comprehenders invested more processing time in important than in unimportant words. On the other hand, they needed less time to determine the antecedent of an anaphor. The results suggest that more successful comprehenders build a more effective mental model of the text than less successful comprehenders in at least two ways. First, they allocate more attention to the incorporation of goal-relevant than goal-irrelevant information into the model. Second, they ascertain that the text model is coherent and richly connected.
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Eye Movements, Reading Strategies, Human Body, Elementary School Students, Word Recognition, Reading Skills, Decoding (Reading), Vocabulary
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A