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ERIC Number: EJ791118
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Aug
Pages: 18
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 49
ISSN: ISSN-1076-9242
Verbatim and Gist Recall of Sentences by Dyslexic and Non-Dyslexic Adults
Miles, T. R.; Thierry, Guillaume; Roberts, Judith; Schiffeldrin, Josie
Dyslexia, v12 n3 p177-194 Aug 2006
Forty-eight college students, 24 of them dyslexic, were presented with four sentences of increasing complexity. Participants were asked to repeat each sentence and a record was kept of the number of repetitions required before 100% correct accuracy was achieved. None of the 24 control participants required a total of more than eight repetitions over the four sentences, whereas among the dyslexics the total number of repetitions needed ranged from one to 25. Dyslexic participants were unpredictable in their performance from one level of difficulty to the next and inter-individual variability was far greater in the dyslexic group than in the control group. Overall, despite their relatively poor performance in achieving verbatim accuracy relative to non-dyslexic participants, dyslexic individuals regularly managed to preserve the gist of the sentences. Some theoretical issues arising from these results are discussed. (Contains 2 figures and 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (Wales)