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ERIC Number: EJ791080
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Pages: 9
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 52
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0269-9206
The Contribution of Polysyllabic Words in Clinical Decision Making about Children's Speech
James, Deborah G. H.; van Doorn, Jan; McLeod, Sharynne
Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, v22 n4-5 p345-353 Apr 2008
Poor polysyllabic word (PSW) production seems to mark paediatric speech impairment as well as impairment in language, literacy and phonological processing. As impairment in these domains may only manifest in PSWs, PSW production may provide unique information that is often excluded from clinical decision making because insufficient PSWs are included in speech tests. A 5-stage model of PSW acquisition is described. The model, grounded in optimality theory, expresses a reciprocal relationship between the relaxation of markedness constraints and the contraction of faithfulness constraints from 12 months of age to adolescence. The markedness constraints that persist to the age of 7;11 years are associated with non-final weak syllables and within-word consonant sequences. Output changes are argued to reflect increasing specification of phonological representations with age, liberating information for motor planning and execution, resulting in increasingly accurate output. The clinical implications of PSWs in assessment and therapy are discussed. (Contains 1 table, 3 figures and 1 footnote.)
Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/default.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia