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ERIC Number: EJ790891
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar
Pages: 19
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 33
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0163-853X
Updating Situation Models during Reading of News Reports: Evidence from Empirical Data and Simulations
Blanc, Nathalie; Kendeou, Panayiota; van den Broek, Paul; Brouillet, Denis
Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v45 n2 p103-121 Mar 2008
Two studies explored the conditions under which readers update their representation of news reports in the presence of alternative plausible explanations for a target event. To do so, this study asked readers to read news reports that mentioned 2 different causes to explain the occurrence of a single event. This study manipulated which of the 2 causes was emphasized at the end of the news report. Experiment 1, through an inference judgment task and a simulation using the Landscape Model, evaluated which of the 2 potential causes was represented in the readers' final situation model. Experiment 2 collected think-aloud protocols to investigate the content of readers' thoughts when they were faced with alternative plausible explanations in accounts of a single event. The findings indicate that readers update their representation as new causes appear in the text but that the nature of the updating is a function of the order of presentation of the causes: They either select 1 cause over another or draw causal inferences between the 2 causes to maintain the coherence of their situation models under construction. These findings are discussed within the theoretical framework of the Landscape Model. (Contains 2 figures and 1 table.)
Lawrence Erlbaum. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/default.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France