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ERIC Number: EJ790820
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Pages: 10
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-0309-877X
Constructing Social Inclusion through Further Education--The Dangers of Instrumentalism
Williams, Joanna
Journal of Further and Higher Education, v32 n2 p151-160 May 2008
This article explores, through an analysis of key policy documents, the construction of the political concepts of social exclusion and inclusion through further education (FE). During the first decade of the New Labour government the concepts of social exclusion and inclusion have undergone a process of active construction. In between "The Learning Age" and "Raising Expectations", different political concerns come to the fore. Whereas in 1998 social exclusion encompassed the broad category of "disadvantaged people" and reducing social exclusion was linked firmly to promoting employability, by 2007 interest with the socially excluded was more specifically focused upon "16-17 year olds not in education, employment or training", and FE was to promote social inclusion, in part, through challenging anti-social behaviour. Three main models of constructing inclusion emerge: instrumental, social and psychological. This article examines the impact of the instrumental model and argues that focusing FE upon the needs of the economy provides a narrow concept of inclusion and a degraded view of education.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom