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ERIC Number: EJ790793
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 35
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 73
ISSN: ISSN-0023-8333
Task Design and Second Language Performance: The Effect of Narrative Type on Learner Output
Tavakoli, Parvaneh; Foster, Pauline
Language Learning, v58 n2 p439-473 Jun 2008
This article presents a study examining how narrative structure and narrative complexity might influence the performance of second language learners. Forty learners of English in London and sixty learners in Teheran were asked to retell cartoon stories from picture prompts. Each performed two of four narrative tasks that had different degrees of narrative structure (loose or tight) and of storyline complexity (with or without background events). Results support the findings of previous research that tight task structure is connected to increased accuracy and that narratives involving background information give rise to more complex syntax. A comparison of the data from the London and Teheran cohorts showed that the learners in London used significantly more complex syntax and diverse vocabulary even though they did not differ from the Teheran learners in other performance dimensions.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran; United Kingdom (England)