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ERIC Number: EJ790759
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 3
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 1
ISSN: ISSN-1041-6099
From the States. Tomorrow the World: Learning Outcomes and the Bologna Process
Ewell, Peter T.
Assessment Update, v16 n6 p11-13 Nov-Dec 2004
One of the most ambitious and intriguing developments in higher education in the world today is the so-called Bologna process in Europe. An initiative of the European Union, this process began in June 1999 when twenty-nine ministers in charge of higher education met to begin creating a European higher education area within which the comparability and competitiveness of postsecondary credentials would be ensured. The resulting Bologna Declaration called for (1) adoption of a system of "easily readable and comparable degrees" based on a common framework of degree levels, (2) evolution of a credit-based system to facilitate international transfer, and (3) development of a cooperative system of quality assurance. In this article, the author discusses the dynamics of the Bologna process and observes some similarities of these dynamics to the American experience. The author also contends that if the Bologna process continues to lean toward using learning outcomes as a basis for aligning degree standards, European experience can usefully inform emerging accountability debates in the United States. The author also describes how the Tuning Project, a proactive attempt on the part of the leading universities in Europe to get ahead of government action on Bologna, is an excellent illustration of what would be needed to realize the recent Association of American Colleges and Universities' (AACU) proposal that higher education institutions respond to demands for outcomes-based accountability on an aligned but institution-by-institution basis.
Jossey Bass. Available from John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ireland; United Kingdom (Scotland)