NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ790677
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 14
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1533-8916
Youth Intervention for Peace Project: Burundi Case Study
Bigirindavyi, Jean-Paul
New Directions for Youth Development, n102 p81-94 Sum 2004
The experience of Rwanda's genocide in 1994 shocked the world into disbelief as Western media finally focused their attention on the region's ongoing conflict. Yet little is being done today to prevent the reproduction of a parallel disaster in its twin country, Burundi, where similar conflict patterns may spark another intensely violent civil dispute. The death count has already reached an estimated 300,000 since 1993. While efforts for peace focus on higher levels of diplomacy and negotiation, the situation of community interethnic violence in Burundi and, in particular, the fundamental role of youth in it, have largely been ignored. Despite the encouraging developments of a peace process and cease-fire agreement, Burundi's civil society and community structure remains divided along the lines of its two major ethnic groups: Hutu and Tutsi. Without a social infrastructure to support peace and withstand violence at the community level, Burundi's chance for sustained peace is threatened. In order to transform the culture of violence, it is imperative to develop a comprehensive peace-building program that is capable of penetrating communities and reconstructing the relationships of the people who live within them. This article describes the Youth Intervention for Peace Project (YIPP), an innovative intervention for conflict management being implemented in Burundi. This project began as a way to address interethnic conflict in Burundi. Its principal focus is to restore youth relationships in order to foster a sense of security among this group and eradicate fear and distrust, and to transform the organized forces of violence into a grassroots nonviolent social movement where recognition is accorded, opportunity is available for all, and security is sustained. The ultimate vision for YIPP is to transform youth violence into constructive nonviolent action. YIPP provides a way for youth to engage in community and national transformation and to understand and contextualize the violence in which they had participated and its implications for society. When youth become key players in society and nation building, they experience the satisfaction of constructive participation, control, and fulfillment. (Contains 8 notes.)
Jossey Bass. Available from John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774. Tel: 800-825-7550; Tel: 201-748-6645; Fax: 201-748-6021; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Burundi