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ERIC Number: EJ790644
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Pages: 25
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 42
ISSN: ISSN-0300-4430
ADHD in American Early Schooling: From a Cultural Psychological Perspective
Lee, Kyunghwa
Early Child Development and Care, v178 n4 p415-439 May 2008
In this article, I present a study conducted with 10 Southeastern US early childhood teachers on their views concerning problem behaviour, in general, and the practice of diagnosis and pharmaceutical treatment for Attention/Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), in particular. Themes that emerged from the interview data included: (1) teachers' perceptions of problem behaviour and ADHD largely overlapped as both were framed as disruption to instruction and hindrance to a child's and his peers' learning; (2) while teachers had a unanimous view of gender differences, there were conflicting perceptions about socioeconomic, racial/ethnic and age differences between children with and without ADHD; and (3) teachers highlighted more positive than negative effects of the use of medication for children with ADHD. I examine each of these findings from a cultural psychological perspective in an effort to understand how these teachers' views reflect goals, priorities and practices valued in contemporary US contexts. I conclude with implications for early childhood research and practice, arguing that future research conducted within a culture as well as across cultures by interdisciplinary researchers may contribute to developing a new framework that combines biological and cultural insights for a better understanding of child development. (Contains 1 tables and 1 note.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3; Kindergarten; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A