NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ790579
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 17
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 45
ISSN: ISSN-1056-4934
The Bologna Process: The Outcome of Competition between Europe and the United States and a Stimulus to This Competition
Charlier, Jean-Emile; Croche, Sarah
European Education, v39 n4 p10-26 Win 2007-2008
In the early 1990s, the number of Europeans studying in the United States for the first time exceeded the number of Americans studying in Europe (Haug 2000, p. 27). This evolution was regarded as a very serious threat in European capitals. Public authorities in large countries requested their intellectuals to explain to them why European universities were becoming less attractive in the eyes of international students and to suggest corrective measures. Their proposals eventually paved the way for the Bologna process, which came as a defensive response from European countries. The Bologna process then became very successful because it enabled signatory countries not only to strengthen the attractiveness of their universities but also to help resolve strictly national problems that they had not addressed effectively. This paper first presents the national and international stakes for the four signatory countries of the Sorbonne declaration in 1998. It then discusses the effects of the Bologna process on the mobility of international students and the institutional reactions it now arouses in the United States. (Contains 1 table and 17 notes.)
M. E. Sharpe, Inc. 80 Business Park Drive, Armonk, NY 10504. Tel: 800-541-6563; Fax: 914-273-2106; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France; Germany; Italy; United Kingdom; United States