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ERIC Number: EJ790577
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 11
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-1056-4934
Extending the Schooling Period or Recommending Lifelong Training?: The Place of Higher Education at a Time of Revamped Conceptions of Justice and State Forms in France
Derouet, Jean-Louis
European Education, v39 n4 p69-79 Win 2007-2008
Until the mid-1990s, French educational policy was in line with the traditional model of democratization, which aimed to extend the schooling period. However, this age-old process came to a halt in the late twentieth century. The 1975 Haby Reform, the law modernizing the French educational system, established the creation of comprehensive schools in lower secondary education. The movement then gained upper secondary education, with the target of bringing 80 percent of each age group to the baccalaureate level and then to the universities. In the 1970s, a new model that mixes instruction and work periods was developed. The state guarantees a common core of knowledge and competencies to all fifteen- or sixteen-year-old students. Individuals then develop their own career paths and fit into networks in which training courses are part of larger dynamics. The objective of a longer schooling period for all is replaced by a "Europeanized" access to higher education for the elite only. This article considers the crisis of the former democratization model as well as the shifts of French policy between the 1989 and the 2005 education acts. Next, it reviews the challenged model and attempts to elaborate on the converging principles behind the new organization. Finally, the author discusses the positioning of higher education at a time of reshaped conceptions of justice and state forms in France.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France