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ERIC Number: EJ789776
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 10
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 23
ISSN: ISSN-0748-8491
Noncontingent Reinforcement as Treatment for Tub-Standing in a Toddler
Ward, Ryan D.; Higbee, Thomas S.
Education and Treatment of Children, v31 n2 p213-222 2008
The present case study investigated whether the tub-standing of a typically-developing toddler could be reduced by a noncontingent reinforcement procedure. The results of a brief functional analysis suggested that tub-standing was maintained by automatic reinforcement. Noncontingent reinforcement, consisting of presentation of bath toys on a fixed-time schedule, was effective in reducing the number of tub-stands per session. These results suggest that noncontingent reinforcement can be successfully applied to problem behavior in typically-developing children in naturalistic settings. (Contains 2 figures.)
West Virginia University Press. P.O. Box 6295, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506. Tel: 866-988-7737; Tel: 304-293-8400; Fax: 304-293-6585; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A