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ERIC Number: EJ789710
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Pages: 18
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Cognitive Maturation and the Use of Pitch and Rate Information in Making Similarity Judgments of a Single Talker
Petrini, Karin; Tagliapietra, Sara
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v51 n2 p484-501 Apr 2008
Purpose: This study examined age-related differences in speaker similarity judgments, in which acoustic cues known to be important in speaker and speech recognition and identification were varied. Method: Four groups of listeners of 5- to 6-, 8- to 9-, 10- to 11-, and 25- to 30-year-olds were asked to judge the similarity between an original talker's speech sample and 9 versions of a second speech sample from the same talker, obtained by manipulating the pitch and speech rate. Results: Results showed that although pitch was used by all age groups as information to judge the similarity between the single talker speech samples, there was a significant age-related increase in the weight of speech rate attributed to similarity judgments. Furthermore, an age-related effect in accuracy was found, as was an effect of pitch level for the younger group. Conclusion: The use of relevant acoustic features to discriminate a speaker changes with age, probably arising from a shift in cue weighting strategy as described by the developmental weighting strategy hypothesis (S. Nittrouer, C. Manning, & G. Meyer, 1993). Future studies should clarify whether the present findings can be extended to any pair of acoustic cues and should involve longitudinal methods to precisely detect when the strategy shift occurs.
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: subscribe@asha.org; Web site: http://www.asha.org/about/publications/journal-abstracts/jslhr/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A