ERIC Number: EJ789696
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Respiratory and Laryngeal Function during Spontaneous Speaking in Teachers with Voice Disorders
Lowell, Soren Y.; Barkmeier-Kraemer, Julie M.; Hoit, Jeannette D.; Story, Brad H.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v51 n2 p333-349 Apr 2008
Purpose: To determine if respiratory and laryngeal function during spontaneous speaking were different for teachers with voice disorders compared with teachers without voice problems. Method: Eighteen teachers, 9 with and 9 without voice disorders, were included in this study. Respiratory function was measured with magnetometry, and laryngeal function was measured with electroglottography during 3 spontaneous speaking tasks: a simulated teaching task at a typical loudness level, a simulated teaching task at an increased loudness level, and a conversational speaking task. Electroglottography measures were also obtained for 3 structured speaking tasks: a paragraph reading task, a sustained vowel, and a maximum phonation time vowel. Results: Teachers with voice disorders started and ended their breath groups at significantly smaller lung volumes than teachers without voice problems during teaching-related speaking tasks; however, there were no between-group differences in laryngeal measures. Task-related differences were found on several respiratory measures and on one laryngeal measure. Conclusions: These findings suggest that teachers with voice disorders used different speech breathing strategies than teachers without voice problems. Implications for clinical management of teachers with voice disorders are discussed.
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Voice Disorders, Vowels, Teachers, Simulation, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A