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ERIC Number: EJ789568
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Pages: 11
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 18
ISSN: ISSN-0015-718X
Cohesion and Coherence Strategies in Paragraph-Length and Extended Discourse in Japanese Oral Proficiency Interviews
Watanabe, Suwako
Foreign Language Annals, v36 n4 p555-565 Win 2003
This study focused on Japanese linguistic features that contribute to producing the paragraph-length and extended connected discourse that is expected at the Advanced and Superior levels in ACTFL oral proficiency interviews (OPIs). From 15 Japanese OPIs at the Intermediate-High through Superior levels, 3,062 predicates were identified. Frequent use of embedded syntactic constructions, such as sentence modifiers and embedded interrogative and quotative constructions (approximately (t)te iu), contributed to the integration of more predicates, resulting in extended discourse at the Superior level. To link clauses, gerunds and adversative clausal particles were more prevalent than sentence-initial connectives. Adversative clausal particles and quotative constructions played an important role in signaling the meaning of the utterance in relation to the entire discourse. A qualitative analysis revealed that appropriate use of cohesive and coherence devices affected the degree of cohesiveness and coherence of discourse. The implications for Japanese language pedagogy and OPI are significant. (Contains 7 tables and 12 notes.)
American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages. 700 South Washington Street Suite 210, Alexandria, VA 22314. Tel: 703-894-2900; Fax: 703-894-2905; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACTFL Oral Proficiency Interview