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ERIC Number: EJ789484
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Pages: 22
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 17
ISSN: ISSN-0950-0790
"Ducks" and "Parrots": Elaboration, Duplication and Duplicity in a Cartoon Discourse Completion Test
Yoon, Yeo Bom; Kellogg, David
Evaluation and Research in Education, v16 n4 p218-239 2002
Interviews, questionnaires and tests may fail as evaluations of pragmatic competence in a foreign language because they cannot reproduce contexts in sufficient detail and/or because they cannot constrain discourse options without contaminating the learner response. In this study a cartoon Discourse Completion Test (DCT) prompt was used, providing a pictorial context which constrains the response but allows the learner freedom to elaborate language. Data gathered from 505 Korean learners of English showed that picture description in the written mode provided the most elaborated language whereas written dialogue was more lexicalised. There was a realistic "opening up" of discourse options as the cartoon progresses, and a realistic "narrowing down" of discourse options within each exchange, as the initiating utterance within each frame constrained the rejoinder. But the data also revealed two less realistic ways of coping with a pragmatic task: "ducking", in which information is ignored or reinterpreted in ways that are easier to deal with, and "parroting", where language in one frame of the cartoon by one speaker is recycled in another frame by another. Although these blur the effectiveness of the instrument as a summative test, they offer interesting possibilities for formative testing and teaching. (Contains 9 figures and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea