ERIC Number: EJ789410
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 0
Gender and Diagnosis: Struggles and Suggestions for Counselors
Eriksen, Karen; Kress, Victoria E.
Journal of Counseling & Development, v86 n2 p152-162 Spr 2008
Concerns have been raised related to the intersection of gender and diagnosis, particularly with respect to biases in diagnoses made according to the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (4th ed., text rev.; American Psychiatric Association, 2000). The authors review the literature on the prevalence of diagnoses by gender, sex bias in diagnosis, the problematic impact of particular diagnoses on women, and the relationship of diagnosis to socialization and social conditions. Alternative diagnoses, diagnostic procedures, and diagnostic foci that can help counselors to most effectively avoid gender bias are offered.
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Sex Fairness, Gender Bias, Literature Reviews, Females, Correlation, Socialization, Social Influences, Counseling Techniques, Counselor Attitudes
American Counseling Association. 5999 Stevenson Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22304. Tel: 800-422-2648; Tel: 800-347-6647; Fax: 800-473-2329; Web site: http://www.counseling.org
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A