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ERIC Number: EJ789402
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 20
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 81
ISSN: ISSN-0009-3920
The Development of Recollection and Familiarity in Childhood and Adolescence: Evidence from the Dual-Process Signal Detection Model
Ghetti, Simona; Angelini, Laura
Child Development, v79 n2 p339-358 Mar-Apr 2008
Two experiments examined the development of recollection (recalling qualitative details about an event) and familiarity (recognizing the event) using the dual-process signal detection model. In Experiment 1 (n = 117; ages 6, 8, 10, 14, and 18 years), recollection improved from childhood to adolescence after semantic encoding but not after perceptual encoding and familiarity improved from ages 6 to 8 regardless of encoding condition. In Experiment 2 (n = 56; ages 6, 8, and 10 years), long duration compared to short duration of semantic encoding increased familiarity but not recollection. Age-related differences replicated those of Experiment 1, except no age difference in familiarity was found with long study duration. Overall, recollection and familiarity showed distinct developmental and functional characteristics. The dual-process signal detection model proved promising for developmental investigations.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A