ERIC Number: EJ789351
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Face-to-Face and Electronic Peer-Mentoring: Interactions with Mentor Gender
Smith-Jentsch, Kimberly A.; Scielzo, Shannon A.; Yarbrough, Charyl S.; Rosopa, Patrick J.
Journal of Vocational Behavior, v72 n2 p193-206 Apr 2008
The present study compared the relative impact of peer-mentoring that took place either face-to-face or through electronic chat. Proteges were 106 college freshmen randomly assigned to a senior college student mentor and to one of the two communication modes. Fifty-one mentors interacted with one of these proteges face-to-face and one solely through electronic chat. Electronic chat resulted in less psychosocial support, career support, and post-mentoring protege self-efficacy for those with male but not female mentors. Analyses of coded transcripts revealed that males condensed their language to a greater extent than did females in the electronic chat condition relative to the face-to-face condition. Dyads in the electronic chat condition had more interactive dialogue than did those in the face-to-face condition. Finally, dialogue interactivity predicted post-mentoring self-efficacy but only for those who communicated through electronic chat.
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Mentors, Self Efficacy, Computer Mediated Communication, Interaction, College Seniors, Peer Relationship, Interpersonal Communication, Gender Differences, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A