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ERIC Number: EJ789338
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Pages: 19
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Strategies in Subtraction Problem Solving in Children
Barrouillet, Pierre; Mignon, Mathilde; Thevenot, Catherine
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v99 n4 p233-251 Apr 2008
The aim of this study was to investigate the strategies used by third graders in solving the 81 elementary subtractions that are the inverses of the one-digit additions with addends from 1 to 9 recently studied by Barrouillet and Lepine. Although the pattern of relationship between individual differences in working memory, on the one hand, and strategy choices and response times, on the other, was the same in both operations, subtraction and addition differed in two important ways. First, the strategy of direct retrieval was less frequent in subtraction than in addition and was even less frequent in subtraction solving than the recourse to the corresponding additive fact. Second, contrary to addition, the retrieval of subtractive answers is confined to some peculiar problems involving 1 as the subtrahend or the remainder. The implications of these findings for developmental theories of mental arithmetic are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A