ERIC Number: EJ789117
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Brief Wilderness Programs in Relation to Adolescents' Race
Orren, Pamela M.; Werner, Paul D.
Journal of Experiential Education, v30 n2 p117-133 Fall 2007
This research assessed effects of brief wilderness programs on adolescents' self-concepts, internalizing and externalizing behaviors, and environmental attitudes and contrasted effects for adolescents in five racial groups. A pretest-posttest design compared adolescents who participated in wilderness outings (n = 67) with adolescents on a waiting list to participate in wilderness outings (n = 76). Questionnaires were completed by adolescents, their primary caregivers, and outing leaders. Contrary to expectation, no differential improvement was found for program participants. Among African-American outing participants, reported self-concept decreased between pretest and posttest. Findings suggest that brief wilderness programs may not beneficially affect adolescents' self-concept, behaviors, or environmental attitude, perhaps because participants do not experience the presumed effective ingredients of wilderness programs in these outings.
Descriptors: Racial Factors, Racial Differences, African Americans, Pretests Posttests, Caregivers, Adolescents, Program Effectiveness, Self Concept, Comparative Analysis, Behavior Change, Questionnaires, Attitude Change, Ethnicity
Publisher: Association for Experiential Education. 3775 Iris Avenue Suite 4, Boulder, CO 80301. Tel: 866-522-8337; Fax: 303-440-9581; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.aee.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A