ERIC Number: EJ788724
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Stress Generation in Adolescent Depression: The Moderating Role of Child Abuse and Neglect
Harkness, Kate L.; Lumley, Margaret N.; Truss, Alanna E.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v36 n3 p421-432 Apr 2008
The present study examined the role of childhood abuse and neglect and depression recurrence in moderating the generation of stressful life events in adolescent depression. Maltreatment history and stressful life events were assessed using two rigorous contextual interviews and rating systems. In a sample of 59 community depressed adolescents we found significantly higher rates of interpersonal events in the 3-month period immediately following depression episode onset versus the 3-month period immediately preceding onset in adolescents with a history of childhood maltreatment. By contrast, rates of events remained constant over a matched period in a control group of non-maltreated adolescents. Furthermore, the generation of interpersonal events only held among those on a first onset of depression. These results suggest that a history of childhood abuse and neglect exacerbates the psychosocial dysfunction associated with the onset of depression, particularly in the very first episode.
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology), Stress Variables, Child Neglect, Psychological Patterns, Rating Scales, Interpersonal Relationship, Child Psychology, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A