ERIC Number: EJ788713
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Few Preschool Boys and Girls with ADHD Are Well-Adjusted during Adolescence
Lee, Steve S.; Lahey, Benjamin B.; Owens, Elizabeth B.; Hinshaw, Stephen P.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v36 n3 p373-383 Apr 2008
To estimate the prevalence of being well-adjusted in adolescence, boys and girls with (n = 96) and without (n = 26) attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were assessed seven times in eight years starting when they were 4-6 years of age. Symptoms of ADHD, ODD/CD, and depression/anxiety in addition to social skills and social preference were gathered using multiple methods and informants. Being well-adjusted was defined by surpassing thresholds in at least four of the five domains. At the 7- and 8-year follow-up, when youth were 11-14 years old, probands were significantly less likely to be well-adjusted relative to age- and ethnicity-matched control children. Only a minority of children with ADHD was well-adjusted in adolescence when emotional, behavioral, and social domains were considered simultaneously. Even when their ADHD symptoms improved over time, most probands exhibited significant impairment 7-8 years after their initial assessment.
Descriptors: Hyperactivity, Attention Deficit Disorders, Depression (Psychology), Gender Differences, Ethnicity, Adolescents, Preschool Children, Psychological Patterns, Anxiety, Interpersonal Competence, Adjustment (to Environment), Age Differences, Followup Studies
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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