ERIC Number: EJ788641
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Accommodating Variation: Dialects, Idiolects, and Speech Processing
Kraljic, Tanya; Brennan, Susan E.; Samuel, Arthur G.
Cognition, v107 n1 p54-81 Apr 2008
Listeners are faced with enormous variation in pronunciation, yet they rarely have difficulty understanding speech. Although much research has been devoted to figuring out how listeners deal with variability, virtually none (outside of sociolinguistics) has focused on the source of the variation itself. The current experiments explore whether different kinds of variation lead to different cognitive and behavioral adjustments. Specifically, we compare adjustments to the same acoustic consequence when it is due to context-independent variation (resulting from articulatory properties unique to a speaker) versus context-conditioned variation (resulting from common articulatory properties of speakers who share a dialect). The contrasting results for these two cases show that the source of a particular acoustic-phonetic variation affects how that variation is handled by the perceptual system. We also show that changes in perceptual representations do not necessarily lead to changes in production.
Descriptors: Sociolinguistics, Language Processing, Acoustics, Phonemes, Dialects, Pronunciation, Language Variation, Comparative Analysis, Phonetics, Auditory Perception, Speech Communication
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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