ERIC Number: EJ788637
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Arabic Digit Naming Speed: Task Context and Redundancy Gain
Campbell, Jamie I. D.; Metcalfe, Arron W. S.
Cognition, v107 n1 p218-237 Apr 2008
There is evidence for both semantic and asemantic routes for naming Arabic digits, but neuropsychological dissociations suggest that number-fact retrieval (2x3=6) can inhibit the semantic route for digit naming. Here, we tested the hypothesis that such inhibition should slow digit naming, based on the principle that reduced access to multiple routes would counteract "redundancy gain" (the response time advantage expected from parallel retrieval pathways). Participants named two single digit numbers and then performed simple addition or magnitude comparison (Experiment 1), multiplication or magnitude comparison (Experiment 2), and multiplication or subtraction (Experiment 3) on the same or on a different pair of digits. Addition and multiplication were expected to inhibit the semantic route, whereas comparison and subtraction should enable the semantic route. Digit naming time was approximately 15 ms slower when participants subsequently performed addition or multiplication relative to comparison or subtraction, regardless of whether or not the same digit pair was involved. A letter naming control condition in Experiment 3 demonstrated that the effect was specific to digit naming. Number fact retrieval apparently can inhibit Arabic digit naming processes.
Descriptors: Numbers, Reaction Time, Semantics, Subtraction, Redundancy, Mathematics Instruction, Semiotics, Number Concepts, Multiplication, Arithmetic, Experiments, Recall (Psychology), Memory, Cognitive Processes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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