ERIC Number: EJ788616
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Age, Gender, and Causality on Perceptions of Persons with Mental Retardation
Panek, Paul E.; Jungers, Melissa K.
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v29 n2 p125-132 Mar-Apr 2008
The present study examined the effects of age, gender, and causality on the perceptions of persons with mental retardation. Participants rated individuals with mental retardation using a semantic differential scale with three factors: activity, evaluation, and potency. Target individuals in each scenario varied on the variables of age (8, 20, 45), gender (male, female), and causality of mental retardation (genetic, self-inflicted, inflicted by others). Perceptions differed significantly according to causality, with those with mental retardation due to inheritance/genetics (Down Syndrome) evaluated most positively and those whose mental retardation was self-inflicted viewed most negatively (brain damage due to drinking cleaning fluid). Female participants gave higher ratings than male participants for target subjects on evaluation and potency factors. Implications of findings for persons with mental retardation are discussed.
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Semantics, Mental Retardation, Down Syndrome, Semantic Differential, Genetics, Age, Gender Differences, Perception
Elsevier. 6277 Sea Harbor Drive, Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Tel: 877-839-7126; Tel: 407-345-4020; Fax: 407-363-1354; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.elsevier.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A