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ERIC Number: EJ788461
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 26
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 35
ISSN: ISSN-1076-9986
Statistical Power for Random Assignment Evaluations of Education Programs
Schochet, Peter Z.
Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, v33 n1 p62-87 2008
This article examines theoretical and empirical issues related to the statistical power of impact estimates for experimental evaluations of education programs. The author considers designs where random assignment is conducted at the school, classroom, or student level, and employs a unified analytic framework using statistical methods from the literature. Focusing on standardized test scores of elementary school students, this article discusses appropriate precision standards and, for each design, the required number of schools to achieve those standards using empirical values of intraclass correlations, regression R[squared] values, and other parameters. Clustering effects vary by design but are typically large. Thus, large school samples are required for education trials, and many evaluations will only have sufficient power to detect precise impacts for relatively large subgroups of sites. (Contains 5 tables and 10 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Cited: ED511782; ED503448; ED511789; ED544801