ERIC Number: EJ788440
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: 44
Universal Design and Multimethod Approaches to Item Review
Johnstone, Christopher J.; Thompson, Sandra J.; Bottsford-Miller, Nicole A.; Thurlow, Martha L.
Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, v27 n1 p25-36 Spr 2008
Test items undergo multiple iterations of review before states and vendors deem them acceptable to be placed in a live statewide assessment. This article reviews three approaches that can add validity evidence to states' item review processes. The first process is a structured sensitivity review process that focuses on universal design considerations for items. The second method is a series of statistical analyses intended to increase the limited amount of information that can be derived from analyses on low-incidence populations (such as students who are blind, deaf, or have cognitive disabilities). Finally, think aloud methods are described as a method for understanding why particular items might be problematic for students.
Descriptors: Test Items, Disabilities, Test Construction, Testing Programs, State Standards, Test Validity, Statistical Analysis, Special Needs Students, Measurement Techniques
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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