ERIC Number: EJ788390
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Reference Count: N/A
Identity in Flux: Ethnic Self-Identification, and School Attrition in Canadian Aboriginal Youth
Hallett, Darcy; Want, Stephen C.; Chandler, Michael J.; Koopman, Leigh L.; Flores, Jessica P.; Gehrke, Erica C.
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, v29 n1 p62-75 Jan-Feb 2008
Much social science research proceeds as though ethnic self-identification (the ethnic category to which persons assign themselves) is a stable characteristic, as true at one time of measurement as another. The purpose of this study was to test this assumption using longitudinal data acquired from the provincial Ministry of Education for every student in British Columbia who started Grade 7 in 1995 and who ever self-identified as Aboriginal. Contrary to expectation, nearly half of this sample did not consistently identify themselves as Aboriginal between 1993 and 2002. For students who changed their declarations over time, five distinct patterns of change in ethnic self-identification were observed. These different patterns were found to be related to the likelihood of dropping out of school. Students who consistently declared their Aboriginality each and every year had the highest school drop-out rate. In comparison, students who at first did not report themselves to be Aboriginal, but later began to consistently declare Aboriginal status had the lowest school drop-out rate. Potential accounts of these differences are offered, and suggestions for future research are advanced.
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Social Science Research, Social Sciences, Identification (Psychology), Self Concept, Foreign Countries, Indigenous Populations, Canada Natives, Longitudinal Studies, Dropouts, Academic Persistence, Student Attitudes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada