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ERIC Number: EJ788374
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 15
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 29
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0020-7187
Toddlers' Opportunities to Learn Mathematics
Bjorklund, Camilla
International Journal of Early Childhood, v40 n1 p81-95 2008
Mathematical knowledge has developed from human activities through thousands of years and is bound to the world and cultures that men and women experience. One can say that mathematics is rooted in humans' everyday life, an environment where people reach agreement regarding principles in mathematics. Through interaction with worldly phenomena and people, children will strive to understand their surrounding world, gaining experience that they can then in turn use to understand future situations. The environment in which a child grows up, thereby plays an important role in what that child experiences and what opportunities for learning that child has. This article aims at describing what opportunities there are for toddlers to experience and learn basic aspects of mathematics, such as mathematical concepts and the relation between parts and whole, in interaction with other people and the surrounding world. In order to fulfill this aim, an analysis has been done of critical conditions of learning that may be discerned in toddlers' daily activities. Four authentic examples are described and discussed in this article. Results from the qualitatively analyzed videographic study of toddlers' experiences of mathematics in day-care show that variation, simultaneity and reasonableness seem to be critical conditions of learning, as well as the opportunity to focus on important aspects in a phenomenon. Adults working with toddlers therefore play a very important role in setting perimeters for toddlers' experiences and opportunities to explore mathematical phenomena.
OMEP: Organisation Mondiale pour l'Education Prescolaire. Goteborg University, Department of Education, Box 300, Goteborg, SE-40530, Sweden. Tel: +46-317-732461; Fax: +46-317-732391; Web site: http://www.ped.gu.se/users/pramling/ijec/index.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland